Sabine Höhler: "Live and Environment ex natura"
- Datum: –15.00
- Plats: Engelska parken - Rausingrummet
- Arrangör: Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria
- Kontaktperson: H. Otto Sibum
Avdelningen för vetenskapshistoria
Sabine Höhler, KTH: "Live and Environment ex natura"
The idea of a self-contained and self-sustained living sphere has shaped the understanding of life and environment in the twentieth century across scales, from the glass aquarium to the terrestrial biosphere. The paper traces the history of such ecospheres since the mid-twentieth century. In the 1950s, ecologist LaMont C. Cole called the totality of the interdependent terrestrial ecosystems of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and surface strata of the lithosphere “ecosphere”. In the 1960s, microbiologist Clair Folsome in Hawaii called his glass-filled microcosm of Pacific seawater and sediment “ecosphere”. Both macrocosm and microcosm represented self-similarity, symbiotic communities and endless loops of almost self-identical reproduction. The paper argues that such ecospheric systems, taken from nature and out of nature, have shaped our contemporary understanding of the environment.