Functions of the Perfect, the Perfectoids, and the Presumptive in Tajik: Evidentiality, mirativity, and epistemic modality.

  • Datum: –11.45
  • Plats: Engelska parken 9-3042
  • Föreläsare: Alexander Nilsson. Slutseminarium.
  • Arrangör: Iranska seminariet
  • Kontaktperson: Carina Jahani
  • Telefon: +46707707847
  • Seminarium

The dissertation is a study of Evidentiality, mirativity, and epistemic modality in contemporary Tajik.

In many languages of the world, the source of a particular piece of information is grammatically marked on the verb. This phenomenon—the grammatical marking of information source—is commonly called evidentiality. It is known from typological studies that evidentiality is very easily diffused to other languages through intensive language contact. It is for this reason that we find large linguistic areas (Sprachbunds) displaying evidentiality notwithstanding that fact that the languages do not share a close genetic relationship. One such area, which is of greatest importance for this dissertation, is the “Great Evidential Belt”, consisting of languages stretching from the Balkans to Central Asia, and further, to Siberia (Plungian 2010: 19). What the languages in this linguistic area all have in common is they have a way to grammatically single out information which has not been experienced directly, most commonly the perfect tense has been imbued with evidential meanings of “non-witnessedness” or “indirectiveness”. 

The dissertation is a study of Evidentiality, mirativity, and epistemic modality in contemporary Tajik.